The loss of jobs property, and the death of his children. Our job 2 commentary last time in chapter 1 we saw jobs righteous character. Job 1 commentary commentary critical and explanatory on. Jobs final speech in his own defense is probably where the book originally ended. An american story, i was afraid id just committed myself to a booklength version of a story id heard before. With the literary sensibility we have come to expect from him, robert alter the voice from the whirlwind. The book of job, book of hebrew scripture that is often counted among the masterpieces of world literature. Articles with this post, we begin to look at the best commentaries on the old testament wisdom books and psalms. Usage public domain topics robert, sacks, commentary, book, job collection opensource language english. In the old testament we read gods word as it was spoken to his people israel. God says to job, now i want you to pray for your friends these three dear men, so stubborn, so sure that they had all the answers, so well meaning, so sincere, so.
A phonological existential analysis to the book of job. It should be kept in mind that job is not the author. The complex and delicate nature of the subject matter. At its beginning, job seems to be a book about human suffering.
Study the bible online using commentary on job 1 and more. It is found in the third section of the biblical canon known as the ketuvim writings. Jobs questions are our questions, and we can identify with his frustration, disappointment, and confusion in the midst of trials. Job is a book that ranks as one of the most difficult books in thetanach bible, for two reasons. Job, book ofcommentaries, commentaries old testament. Top 5 commentaries on the book of job ligonier ministries. Words in boxes except for words in brackets are from the bible. A free bible version and commentary on the old testament book of job in easyenglish. The skeptical character of the symposium, with its challenge to timehonored views, most likely would have kept the book of job out of the canon of old testament writings had some additions not been made to. The last of the book is a beautiful picture of what james calls the tender mercies of god toward job james 5. Satanthe tradition was widely spread that he had been the agent in adams temptation. The book of job teaches us many things about the devil.
On the contrary, god speaks directly to job, just as he does in the patriarchal age with noah, abraham, isaac, jacob, and other heads of. The name job is mentioned only 54 times and mostly just in the. Pratte, each commentary urges students to honor scripture as the inspired revelation of god, jesus christ as the divine son of god, and his gospel as the only way to salvation and eternal life. Bob utley, retired professor of hermeneutics biblical interpretation table of contents. He has a large family, many flocks of animals, many servants, a large home, perhaps an estate. David kimchi, who keeps best to the grammaticalhistorical course, has not expounded the book of job. Job and his friends thought that god made job suffer. Job was upright and honest, and yet grew rich, nay, therefore grew rich. The purpose of the book of job is to explore gods policies with regard to suffering in. Job 19 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. Brief explanations of the technical resources used in this commentary. Each shepherds notes volume highlights and explains the authorship, circumstances of writing, and main points of the bible book being explored in a concise and easytounderstand format. Understand the bible like never before, book by book.
Johnson is able to identify the various stages of grief that job goes through and correlate each stage and the response from the friends in current psychological terms. Many copies of the hebrew bible place it after the. Stripped of all that gave his life meaning, job clings to the god who gave him life in the first place. The book of job, in the old testament, opens with words both majestic and onceuponatimeish. The book defends the absolute glory and perfection of god it sets forth the theme echoed in. It is certainly not a sermon actually, but could serve to help prepare wither a single sermon or a series regarding this book. God says to job, now i want you to pray for your friends these three dear men, so stubborn, so sure that they had all the answers, so well meaning, so sincere, so dedicated, but such utter blunderers. There was a man in the land of uz, whose name was job.
Job 19 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on the. Commentary on the book of job sermon by eric hanson, job 1. Job proves faithful to god in prosperity and in adversity. The one who had such confidence in his own righteousness, when face to face with god, said, i have heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye. His friends had no proof whatever to the contrary of what job said, for his actions had been good, but at the end of this book, job s attitude is wonderfully changed. Job 19 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on.
For those seeking a more introductory level commentary on the book of job, francis andersons commentary is the best place to start. This is the second in a series on types of christ symbolized throughout the bible. Read job 1 commentary using commentary critical and explanatory on the whole bible. The loss of job s property, and the death of his children.
Jobs story invites us to consider what it means that god runs. David guzik commentary on job 1, where satan asks god for permission to attack job. This book is so called from job, whose prosperity, afflictions, and restoration, are here recorded. Then the wrath of elihu, the son of barachel the buzite, of the family of ram, was aroused against job. The book of job will make you challenge your trust and faith with god. Job 1 commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. In his study on the book the book of job, quality publications, wayne jackson offers the following lessons to be gleaned. The book of job, which carlyle without hyperbole described as the grandest book ever written with pen, will never cease to disclose new insights to sensitive and sympathetic readers. The use of this preexisting material very cleverly placed the problem outside of palestine, thereby excluding the possible objection of orthodox theology that such a casea perfectly righteous man persecuted by yhwh. Jobs friends did not blame satan for jobs troubles. In his introduction to his commentary on the book, john walton explains that its purpose is not only to explore how god works in regards to the suffering in the world, but to transform how we think about it. Hartleys commentary is quite recent 1990 and is considered a good complement to clines. Commentary on the book of job chapter four by wm w wells.
The book of job, named after its protagonist apparently not an israelite. Sep 07, 2010 the book of job is a highly controversial book of mostly confusing information. Study the bible online using commentary on job and more. The book of job is one of the most problematic portions of the bible and has called forth a variety of interpretations. The book of job has been widely given the theme of patience and we see this mentioned in the new testament book of james. Job free bible commentary in easy english easyenglish bible. Open your bibles to job, chapter 12 for this job 12 commentary. Andersen job tyndale old testament commentaries, 1976. Anderson is a renowned scholar, and the commentary reflects his learning without becoming overly technical. Job 15 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of.
And there is a reality called satan who challenges god that his man is not as good as he thinks he is. The prologue to the book of job chapters 12 sets up the meditation on suffering that follows it. So these three men ceased answering job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. There are no references to the law of moses, the tabernacle, the priesthood, the judges or kings, etc. Waters ritten by an unknown author, possibly the most ancient literary account in the bible,1 the book of job is a mixture of divine and human wisdom that addresses a major life issue. Its a question all of us have asked, and the book of job points us toward the answer. Job was an actual, living person and these events actually took place, but god recounts them for us in this beautiful style so that we might have an answer to the ageold, haunting question, why does apparently senseless tragedy strike men. Is god to be held to a strict set of regulations based on human interpretations of his relationship with mankind. Abenezra the spaniard, who wrote his commentary on the book of job in rome, 1175, delights in new bold ideas, and to enshroud himself in a mystifying nimbus. At the outset, amy goldstein, a pulitzerwinning journalist at the washington post, promises that her new volume is not just another account of factory closures and job losses, but the story of what happens when a community with a cando spirit. This reference in james is the only time job is mentioned by name in the n. Were entering a section in which job responds to his three friends.
The author of the book of job broke out of the tight, logical mold of the traditional orthodox theology of his day. Commentary on the book of job chapter one by wm w wells. Like anything in life, the reward for success reflects the amount of effort put. The book of job is a highly controversial book of mostly confusing information.
Commentary on the book of job by matthew henry old. We continue our study in the book of job in the second chapter. Job chapter 15 kjv king james version 1 then answered eliphaz the temanite, and said. The author of the book of job incorporated the folk book into his work in a manner still showing traces of the component parts. A major difficulty in understanding the meaning of the book is, what insight leads job to submit so humbly to god at the end. Job s final speech in his own defense is probably where the book originally ended. We also saw the multiple blessings that god had bestowed upon him. The books theme is the eternal problem of unmerited suffering, and it is named after its central. Top 5 commentaries on the book of job from keith mathison sep 18, 2008 category. Job 15 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on the. Or from an arabic word meaning repent, thus bearing the name repentant one.
And despite his grief, job fell to the ground in worship. This current article a phonological existential analysis to the book of job explores the various ways that jobs friends attempted to help him deal with his grief. Job commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole bible. The skeptical character of the symposium, with its challenge to timehonored views, most likely would have kept the book of job out of the canon of old testament writings had some additions not been made to the original book. Job with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. In this bible story from the book of job, there is a wealthy man named job residing. Thomas walks us through the book of job and considers what the bible says about our darkest moments. A detailed analysis of job discusses its structure, imagery, concepts, motifs, themes, and language. Jun 09, 2014 the book of job is one of the most misunderstood books in the bible. An easyenglish commentary 2800 word vocabulary on the book of job. Job commentary matthew henry commentary on the whole. The book of job new international commentary on the old.
I attempt to clear that up by offering a different perspective than most people know today. It is plain, from this history, that the lord watched over his servant job with the affection of a wise and loving father. Read job commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible complete. Read job 1 commentary using matthew henry commentary on the whole bible concise. But the odious judgments made by his friends caution us against making toocertain application of any model to our own lives. He saw that it led to a dead end, that it had no way to cope with the suffering of godly people. The book is not about job s history but about job s life and the way we relate to god as a result. This book of job stands by itself, is not connected with any other, and is therefore to be considered alone. Brief definitions of hebrew verbal forms that impact exegesis. The big picture of job is that there was a man who was, in one sense, blameless in gods sight. The book of job is a book in the ketuvim writings section of the hebrew bible tanakh, and. Job 15 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. He lost almost everything he owned or loved in a single day. The book of job new international commentary on the old testament hartley, john e.
The book of job opens portraying job as a wealthy and righteous nobleman. Jobs wealth, with his wisdom, entitled him to the honour and power he had in his country, which he describes job 29. You can find the best commentary on job for you using the tools on the right side. Hebrew poetry is very different to the western poetry. Tremper longman calls it a major contribution to the study of the book and explains this is because it examines all the facets of the book, not necessarily because it is terribly original. Any time you get into difficulties it is well to turn to the book of job. Reflections on suffering from the book of job 3 undeserved suffering, therefore, serves as a dependable, useful model12 for the believer of any generation in dealing with the problem of theodicy. The scholars like to speculate about the kind of book job was talking about here, but that has nothing to do with the point. This prose prologue to the book reads like a folktale.
Theyve all had a turn to speak to him and so now hes going to take chapters 12, and 14 to address them. Its incredibly complex and obscure hebrew allowing for multiple translations and meanings. Satan does not operate as a free agent but is always under the sovereign and deciding. Another great doctrine of the faith, particularly set forth in the book of job, is that of providence. How do you trust god even when life isnt fair and you suffer for no good reason. There was once a man in the land of uz whose name was job 1. Job s questions are our questions, and we can identify with his frustration, disappointment, and confusion in the midst of trials. Study job 1 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Job 1 commentary commentary critical and explanatory on the. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it. The book of job is one of the most misunderstood books in the bible.314 480 287 669 1250 1478 865 81 856 1016 175 631 413 558 1527 831 1091 748 921 1515 336 558 350 411 1480 327 659 1350 909 161